How to prevent Influenza

During this rainy season, here are some tips from the Department of Health on Influenza.

Let’s stay protected!

HOW TO PREVENT THE SPREAD OF INFLUENZA
by Department of Health (Philippines)

DOH-Influenza

Influenza, commonly called the flu, is a viral infection that attacks the respiratory system. This type of flu is not the same as the stomach “flu” virus that causes diarrhea and vomiting. Young children, older adults, pregnant women, and people who have weakened immune system are highly susceptible to flu. Incubation period is 1-3 days.

Cause:
• Influenza virus (A, B, or C)
Mode of Transmission:
• Entry of the Influenza virus (A, B, or C) into the respiratory tract when someone coughs or sneezes
• Contact with the surfaces, material, and clothing contaminated with discharges of an infected person

Signs and Symptoms:
• Fever of at least 38°C
• Headache
• Runny nose, sore throat, cough, or other respiratory manifestations
• May or may not have muscle or joint pains

Treatment:
• Use of antiviral agents, such as oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamivir (Relenza), within the first 2 days may shorten the illness and help prevent serious complications
• Have adequate rest
• Increase intake of oral fluids & nutritious foods
• Take paracetamol for fever. Aspirin should not be given to children.
• Antibiotics should be given only to complications of influenza, such as pneumonia or otitis media.

Prevention:
• Give influenza vaccination preferably annually
• Minimize contact with a person who has influenza
• Avoid crowded places
• Distance yourself by at least 1 meter from people who are coughing or have influenza.
• Cover mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing to prevent spread of the virus
• Wash hands frequently with soap & water

 

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